by Steve Howe
During the regularly-scheduled meeting of the Harney County Court (held June 18), discussion centered on proposed new regional boundaries for Local Workforce Investment Boards (LWIB) within The Oregon Consortium/Oregon Workforce Alliance (TOCOWA).
TOCOWA is a public/private partnership formed on behalf of 24 rural Oregon counties. The Oregon Consortium was originally formed in 1981. The Oregon Workforce Alliance is comprised of 48 members and was formed in 1999. The 24 counties are divided into regions, each having an LWIB.
Harney County belongs to TOCOWA. At a local level, this has resulted in the Training and Employment Consortium (TEC). TEC is a nonprofit managed in cooperation among six counties.
The proposed new “Eastern Region” LWIB includes eight counties: Baker, Grant, Harney, Malheur, Morrow, Umatilla, Union, and Wallowa. This is because, in order to get Workforce Investment Act (WIA) funds, a Local Workforce Investment Area must have a budget of at least $1 million.
Grasty said he is concerned because the county was not given the opportunity to provide input on the new boundaries, and also because of the large area that the LWIB would cover.
He asked, “What economic tie is there between Pendleton and Burns?”
Counties must file a request to be in a new Local Workforce Investment Area, signed by a Chief Local Elected Official (CLEO), which Grasty determines to mean the county commissioners.
“I think we’re going to have to do this, but I think we [should] continue at every opportunity to say that we do not want to mess up anything we have here,” said Grasty.
Grasty stated that he looked into the possibility of forming a group with Lake and Grant counties, but that it would take two years to put together.
“I honestly think we’re stuck. We’re going to have to do this or we’re not going to have the services, and I think that’s totally unfair to our community,” stated Grasty.
The court decided to postpone any decision until it has the chance to ask questions of Agness Balassa, the workforce policy advisor to the governor’s office. Balassa is scheduled to be at the next county court meeting on July 2.
In unfinished business, discussion continued concerning the possibility of a surplus county land auction. Grasty recommended that commissioners take more time to look at the 13 parcels in the review process, unless they felt prepared to make a decision immediately. The commissioners asked Grasty about the expense of holding a land sale. Grasty explained that they have an efficient process in place and that the main cost would be advertising. Harney County Commissioner Dan Nichols stated that he didn’t see any reason to wait on putting these properties up for public auction, and made a motion to approve the sale. Harney County Commissioner Pete Runnels seconded the motion, and it carried unanimously. The auction will be set for July.
The court discussed a film project that is in the works to document the people and culture of the county.
Grasty, Kate Marsh, and Randy Fulton recently attended a nonprofit conference and presented the concept to various organizations. The idea was received enthusiastically.
The court discussed the appointment of a Film Project Advisory Committee. A list of names was discussed and agreed to by consensus.
At 1:30 p.m., the budget hearing was opened for the 2014-15 budget, as approved by the budget committee. Grasty explained a few of the changes, specifically with regard to the senior and community transportation fund. Grant funds will be received for a new bus. Resolution 2014-05, appropriating these funds, carried unanimously. The hearing remained opened for public comment until 2:17 p.m.; no comments were received.
Runnels abstained from voting, declaring an actual conflict of interest for the record with regard to the district attorney’s department, the sheriff’s department, and the promotion portion of the general fund. Grasty moved to approve Resolution 2014-03, adopting the 2014-15 budget and making appropriations in the amount of $16,239,272. He noted that, in previous years, the motion included total dollars for the budget, but that this one only contained appropriations. The motion carried unanimously.
The court heard from Mia Sheppard, Oregon field representative with the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership. She traveled to Harney County to brief Grasty on the resource management plan process with the Bureau of Land Management with regard to managing public lands for multiple uses.
Sara Jones, executive director for the High Desert Partnership (HDP), updated the court on the work of the Harney County Restoration Collaborative. The court approved signing the letter in support of HDP’s grant request to the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board. Jones thanked the court for its support on forest restoration projects.
The court heard from Barbara Cannady. She requested that a draft copy of the road inventory map be placed in various locations around the county. Grasty noted that it was a good suggestion, but could not promise that it would happen. He stated that the draft copy is posted in the courthouse foyer and that a public hearing has been set for July 16 at 1:30 p.m.
Cannady requested that the court block out her property from the county road map until after litigation over her driveway concludes. Grasty said that, although it wasn’t an unreasonable request, it should be brought up at the public hearing on July 16.
In other business, the court:
• signed the Intergovernmental Agreement between Harney and Grant counties for licensing, inspection, and enforcement of public facilities regulated by the Department of Human Services.
The agreement had been passed during the last meeting;
• reviewed, passed, and signed a court order for distribution of land sale money;
• passed Resolution 2014-04 in the matter of imposing and categorizing 2014-2015 taxes in the county at the rate of 4.5016 per $1,000.
Grasty explained that the budget committee had passed it as well;
• passed Resolutions 2014-06 and 2014-07, appropriating funds due to unexpected occurrence or condition in the Early Learning Council Hub fund and the building fund, respectively;
• reviewed correspondence from the Department of Revenue, Stacey Johnson, Harney County Jail Commander, Department of Environmental Quality, CenturyLink, Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, and the Bureau of Wildlife Management.
The Harney County Jail Commander requested someone to perform the annual jail inspection. Commissioner Runnels agreed to complete the inspection and report at the next court meeting;
• reviewed notices of water use requests. There were no objections to any;
• heard from Grasty that discussions with the insurance company continue regarding the bridge that was recently damaged by fire;
• approved Hammond Ranches application for approval to install a culvert and/or approach on Island Ranch Road;
• heard from Grasty that DCR Hay’s application for an approach to a county road has been dismissed because of a lack of authority to go through land not owned by them.
The court has requested an application from the landowner.
The next regularly-scheduled meeting of the county court will be held Wednesday, July 2, at 10 a.m. in Judge Grasty’s office at the courthouse.
Ten Slater Elementary School fifth-grade students have been selected to participate in the Junior National Young Leaders Conference (JrNYLC) in Washington, D.C.
The students selected for the trip are Mason Wulff, Dustin Thrall, Connor Martin, Jackie Dowell, Kaiden Raif, Cody King, Rachel Fenton, Elizabeth Zamora, Tom Boyd and Lizet Camacho Figueroa.
The JrNYLC is hosted by Envision, an independent, educational organization that is not affiliated with any political party or the federal government.
Envision hosts JrNYLC to offer mature, high-achieving fifth grade and middle school students the opportunity to learn about leadership by studying the leaders of the past and by focusing on social advocacy to make a positive impact in their schools and communities. Through an examination of different historical time periods and characteristics of leadership, students will gain a better understanding of what it takes to become an effective leader.
The conference is designed to be a challenging and interactive leadership program for the nation’s most promising fifth grade and middle school students. The theme of the conference is Voices of Leadership: Reflecting on the Past to Create the Future. Scholars will examine the concept of leadership in the context of historical events from America’s past.
Each day, students and their faculty advisors meet in Leadership Focus Groups to discuss important skills and attributes, such as character, goal setting and teamwork. The overall goal of JrNYLC is to enhance and develop these traits within each student. Within their Leadership Focus Groups and throughout the conference, scholars interact with peers from across the nation and develop long-lasting friendships that will continue long after they return home.
They will discover historic locations, such as Harper’s Ferry National Historical Park in West Virginia, and explore the memorials and museums of the nation’s capital. They will lead and participate in exercises and activities designed to enhance critical thinking skills, promote problem solving within groups, and expose them to different ways of thinking.
Eldridge served in South Pacific
by Samantha White
Kenny Eldridge arrived at the Burns Times-Herald office for an interview on Thursday afternoon (June 12). He was dressed in blue jeans and a button-up shirt, and he was wearing a cap that identified him as a World War II veteran.
After introductions and a bit of small talk, Eldridge reached into the pocket of his blue jeans and pulled out a pocketknife. Attached to the knife was a magnet, which he removed and stuck to his forearm.
The 90-year-old explained that a piece of shrapnel, which has been lodged in his right arm since September 1944, was keeping the magnet in place. The shrapnel provides an unpleasant reminder of Eldridge’s service in the second world war.
Fortunately, however, Eldridge was among the hundreds of World War II veterans who gathered near the Oregon State Capitol June 6 (the 70th anniversary of D-Day) to be honored with a much more suitable memorial.
Oregon World War II Memorial dedicated
The veterans were among the thousands of people who gathered at Willson Park in Salem for the dedication of the new Oregon World War II Memorial.
Weighing in at 20 tons, the 33-foot-tall granite pillar was erected to recognize the service and sacrifice of the approximately 152,000 Oregonians who served during the war.
And a black granite wall, containing the names of the 3,771 Oregonians who were killed in action during the war, stands near the pillar.
Eldridge described the people named on the wall as “the real heroes.”
Giving the ‘ultimate sacrifice’
Lewis H. May is among those who are listed on the wall.
Before serving in the U.S. Army, May worked at Burns Garage and roomed with his friend, Cyc Presley.
May was sent to the European Theater and was among the more than 160,000 Allied troops who landed along the beaches of Normandy, France to fight Nazi Germany on D-Day (June 6, 1944).
About a month later (July 7, 1944), May “gave the ultimate sacrifice,” presumably in the dense hedge groves while pushing inland. He now rests in the American cemetery in Normandy.
Presley later traveled to France to visit May’s grave site. He was accompanied by his family, including his son-in-law, Charlie Schmidt, who is an adjutant for the American Legion Harney County Post No. 63.
“When you walk the beaches of Normandy now, it’s so peaceful,” Schmidt said. “But a long time ago, there were days when it was hell.”
Unlike May, who served in the European Theater and fought the Nazis, Eldridge served in the South Pacific Theater, fighting Japanese forces.
His three-part story was published in the Burns Times-Herald Dec. 4, 11 and 18, 2013 as part of Silent Warriors, a quarterly series of veterans’ stories that Megan Fitzpatrick compiled for her senior project.
Eldridge was drafted into the U.S. Army Nov. 27, 1943, and he began active service Dec. 18, 1943.
He received basic training at Camp Roberts in California. And on June 8, 1944, he was shipped out to New Guinea.
Although he was from California, Eldridge was assigned to the Alabama National Guards 31st Division, 167th Infantry Regiment, Company “B” second platoon, 2nd squad. This division was known as the Dixie division. And Eldridge was appointed the first scout of the patrol.
Eldridge’s friend, Everett L. Farquhar (nicknamed “Zeke”) was also made a first scout.
“They made us first scouts as soon as we were attached to their outfit,” Eldridge wrote in his autobiographical account. “If there was a dangerous mission or patrol that came up, one of us, as first scouts, lead out first for that patrol.”
Eldridge was part of the group that spearheaded the landing on Moratai Island, pushing inland until reaching a village where the Japanese set up a temporary camp.
During this time, a knee mortar hit the riffle that Eldridge was holding between his legs. The riffle was destroyed, but Eldridge’s life was spared.
And a second mortar hit between Eldridge’s legs, as he scrambled toward a tree.
With the exception of two soldiers, everyone in Eldridge’s platoon was injured or killed during the mortar attack. Luckily, Eldridge’s friend, Zeke, was one of the two who were not injured.
Fragments from both mortars, as well as ones that hit some of the other soldiers directly, were embedded throughout Eldridge’s body.
“I believe I had 28 wounds from my eyes to my lower legs,” Eldridge wrote. “I had some of these fragments removed later at sick calls over in the islands that were bothering me; when I bent my legs and arms, they pulled tight against my skin.”
Eldridge had other pieces of shrapnel removed later in life. Yet some pieces, like the one in his right arm, remain lodged in his body.
After Moratai was secured, Eldridge’s group spearheaded the landing on Mindanao Island.
While on the island, Eldridge was first scout on a mission to retrieve a walkie-talkie radio that was left behind by a platoon leader during a battle the previous day.
“We, the U.S., could not afford to let the enemy listen in on our walkie-talkie radios,” Eldridge explained.
While attempting to recover the radio, Eldridge spotted a booby trap. And in the events that followed, he was hit by concussion by friendly artillery shells that landed short of their targets.
“I remember flying up in the air. But I don’t remember coming back down,” Eldridge wrote.
His knees and elbows were also burned by phosphorus, which was set off to notify a pilot of their position. The pilot was directing the artillery from the air.
Eventually, word was received that the Japanese surrendered, and the war was over.
“This day was the happiest day for us since the war began,” Eldridge wrote.
He had spent 329 days on front-line combat.
After the war, Eldridge helped clean up Mindanao Island and waited to go home.
Part of his duties were to dig up the shallow graves and carry the dead back out.
“I still have nightmares about this, and I can still smell the smell,” Eldridge wrote. “Sometimes it makes me sick to my stomach, then I cry the rest of the night.”
Finally, a troop ship came in for the group, and Eldridge was sent back to the United States.
Unfortunately, by the time the ship docked in California, Eldridge contracted malaria and had to be transported to a military hospital for treatment.
He stayed in the hospital until he was released, and was then sent to Fort McArthur, Calif. for discharge a few days later.
After the service, Eldridge resumed working for Douglas Aircraft Company in California, which was the job that he held before he was drafted.
Eldridge worked for the company for 18 years, eventually earning a supervisory position. While working, he also attended night school.
Eldridge moved to Harney County in 1993, stating, “God sent us here.”
He began writing an autobiographical account of his military service when he was in his 80s.
“I have started this story many times and messed up, rewrote pages, then started over,” Eldridge wrote at the beginning of his account. “I have scrapped and burned more pages than I have written.”
He added, “Since the war, I have tried the best I know how to not say one word about it, thinking that one day I could forget it all…I think in my own mind that if I am around other people, they will downgrade me because of what happened to me in the war.”
A lasting legacy
However, Eldridge eventually started to share his story. And he now emphasizes the importance of teaching younger generations about the war.
“The kids have got to learn about it, and the teachers have got to know about it, so they can tell the kids,” Eldridge said.
Schmidt agreed, stating, “Us young kids need to hear those stories that these men and women have.”
Schmidt, who attended the memorial dedication with his wife, Linda, said the ceremony may be the final recognition that some World War II veterans will receive for their service (as most are 90 years old or older). However, he added that the Oregon World War II Memorial will serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the servicemen and women of the “Greatest Generation” for many generations to come.
A welcome home party
Eldridge said the dedication ceremony made him feel “at home.”
He added that even traveling to the ceremony was special.
Eldridge and his wife rode over to Salem with some friends in a caravan of vehicles that were escorted from Central Oregon by a group from the Oregon Veterans Motorcycles Association.
Eldridge said he learned about the caravan from Lyle Hicks who owns Jake’s Diner in Bend. (Eldridge travels from Burns to Bend almost every week to attend Central Oregon Band of Brothers meetings, which are held at the diner.)
The caravan was not required to obey regular traffic laws.
“We went through red lights and everything,” Eldridge explained.
He added that, when the caravan reached Sisters, the veterans were greeted by school children of various ages who lined the sides of the streets, waving American flags.
“Flags were flying everywhere,” Eldridge said. “It started with big kids and went down to little kids…all up and down that road.”
Eldridge said it felt like “a welcome home party,” adding that he received no such celebration when he returned from the South Pacific almost 70 years ago.
Public meeting to be held June 21
“The first market day of the Harney County Farmers Market’s seventh year will be Saturday, July 5, at the Hines City Park from 7:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.,” said Fred and Linda Pelroy, co-market managers. The market runs into October, and generally ends with participation in the annual chili cook-off event in Burns, which is set for Saturday, October 18.
According to the Pelroys, “Fresh produce expected to be offered at the market will include various herbs, Swiss chard, onions, beet greens, rhubarb, different kinds of lettuce, and maybe even a few early tomatoes.” Typically, a wider range of produce items will be available as the growing season progresses, with early-season vegetables available first, and greenhouse growers bringing the greatest variety of produce initially.
In addition to the very fresh and tasty Harney County grown produce, market vendors are expected to offer quality craft items, including bird houses, various kinds of jewelry, pottery, artwork, photography, and hand crafted soaps, hand creams, etc. Other local products, like farm-fresh eggs and some great baked goods, should also be available at the market. As the market season progresses, other vendors join in the fun.
The Pelroys remind market shoppers that a number of vendors will be participating in the Farm Direct Nutrition Program (FDNP) in 2014 and will accept the appropriate vouchers from eligible seniors and families participating in WIC (Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children). Note: Vendors interested in getting the required training for these programs should contact Cindy Clarke at 541-977-4561.
People who wish to participate in the market or who have questions should call the 541-589-2933 or e-mail email@example.com Note: The daily market fee for vendors will remain at $2; cost for the full season will remain at $25, and the student (18 or under) fees will be $1 per market day. Required vendor application forms will be available at the market table each market day.
Please note: a public meeting will be held at the Hines City Park at 9 a.m. on Saturday, June 21, to answer questions, give suggestions, and for an opportunity for vendors to sign up for the 2014 market.
New England native making his third cross-country journey
by Randy Parks
On May 21, Steve Laskey, 52, hopped aboard his bicycle in Spokane, Wash., and began a journey that will take him to the contiguous 48 states, ending in Maine sometime around Thanksgiving.
Laskey is bicycling solo around the country to raise funds for Make-A-Wish, and he is no stranger to long tours. In 1995, Laskey rode from California to his home state of Massachusetts, a distance of about 3,600 miles, and in 2008, Laskey biked from Alaska to Florida, covering about 5,000 miles.
Laskey said his current tour will be his longest one yet, about 7,500, and will probably be his last long ride.
Laskey’s ride south from Spokane on his way to California brought him to Burns, where he spent a rest day on June 4, his 15th day of travel. “I ride six days a week, and try to average 50 miles a day. It just depends on how tough the route is that day,” Laskey said.
Laskey’s planned route will take him in a snake-like pattern from north-to-south and then south-to-north toward his goal of “touching” 48 states. He camps along the way, carrying everything he needs on his bicycle. “Fully loaded, I’m carrying about 100 pounds,” Laskey said. “The one thing I’m concerned about is water while I’m going across the desert country. I can carry a week’s worth of food with me, but there’s no way I can take along a week’s worth of water.”
As a solution to the water concern, Laskey is hoping to find “water holes” along the way before he heads out along his planned route, or possibly even arrange water drops.
Laskey said his love for biking began when he was about 6 years old and he would ride to the country store. “Then, I started taking day trips, then week-long trips, and they just kept getting longer and longer,” he said.
Laskey noted that he loves the physical challenge, but it’s important to go slow to prevent injuries. He’s already crossed a 5,300-foot summit on this trip, and said when he’s riding over the mountains, he might go just a tenth of a mile before he takes a break because of the weight of the bike. “Then I’ll go another tenth and rest again. When I start to feel the burn in the legs, I know it’s time to rest a little,” he said.
Traveling solo may sound like a lonely way to go, but Laskey said it’s pretty much the opposite. “I meet people every day, and so far the trip has been excellent,” Laskey said.
He also travels with a laptop and a GPS so he can update his travels on his website BIKESURVIVORUSA.COM
For those wishing to make a donation, they can visit Laskey’s website and click on the “Donate” button.
Queen Mother Doris Yriarte
My grandfather, Isaac Newton Hughet, and wife, Lillie Pfordt Hughet, settled in the Warm Springs Valley, now known as the Double O Valley, in 1889.
My father, Louis M. Hughet, was one of six boys and four girls born to Isaac Newton and Lillie Pfordt Hughet. The boys were Albert, Glen, Louis, Leonard, George and Leo Hughet. The four girls were Mildred, Esther, Stella and Gertrude Hughet.
I was born Feb. 19, 1928, to Louis M. and Myrthelene McPheeters Hughet in Burns, and the third child. My brother, Louis Milton Hughet Jr., was the oldest, born May 10, 1925. My sister, Helen Louise Hughet, was born March 19, 1926, and then my youngest sister, Elizabeth (Beth) Hughet was born Nov. 20, 1930; thus being the children of Louis M. Hughet Sr. and Myrthelene Hughet.
Before marrying Louis Hughet, my mother, Myrthelene McPheeters, taught school at the Peterson place while staying with Pete and Dolly Obiague. She told me she rode a horse or drove a buggy from the Obiagues to teach school. Upon marrying Louis, they started a ranch with only a white milk cow and her calf. My dad had to work for Bill Hanley and Pete Obiague to make ends meet, and was away from home much of the time to support his fledgling ranch business and feed his family.
During my childhood, my father taught me how to trap muskrats, skin, and take care of the hides. I had to run the trap line each day before breakfast. The muskrat hides were sold to a fur buyer, named Lanfear, for a $1 to $1.50 each. This extra money was important to pay their bills and buy flour, sugar and beans, which supplemented the occasional deer, antelope and wild pig meat my father killed.
Some childhood memories include: (1) riding my horse bareback one mile to school. My dad would not let me ride with a saddle until I was 12 years old for fear I would get my foot caught in the stirrup and get drug to death. (2) Watching a hound dog, named Bingo, chase coyotes and kill them. One day, while watching Bingo chase a coyote across the field, five other coyotes lay in wait to ambush and kill him. Upon having this encounter, Bingo barely outran them, snapping at his behind, back to the house. (3) Getting drug by a colt I was breaking in because a young neighbor kid spooked him while I was trying to get on. He ran under a clothes line, hitting me under the chin and knocking me off, catching my foot in the stirrup, dragging me through the greasewood, and into a meadow. I remember the meadow felt good compared to the greasewood, and decided to turn over, which released my foot from the stirrup, saving my life. Mom caught, and held him so I could get back on. The colt was ruined, and would buck with me off and on all day when I rode him. (4) During one winter day, my sister, Beth, and I wanted to ride a horse called Belgium. We were told we could, but stay off the ice. We headed straight for the ice, and the horse’s legs went every direction. I don’t know how he kept from breaking a leg. We got a darned good spanking for this shenanigan. (5) Working hard was a requirement for me, my brothers and sisters. One had no choice but to do their share in order to survive as a family.
Mom and Dad bought a house in Burns when I was in the eighth grade. I went to school from eighth grade through high school in Burns. Upon graduation from high school in 1946, I went to work for the US National Bank as a bookkeeper, and for Al Brown as an accountant. I met Louis Alfonso Yriarte this same year, and we were married on Aug. 18, 1946. Our first child, Harland, was born July 28, 1948, and our second son, Charles, was born Dec. 3, 1949.
Like my mother and father, both of us had to work outside jobs in order to make a living. He worked two jobs, the railroad and the sawmill. My father wanted us to move back to the ranch in a partnership with my brother. When we moved from Burns to the ranch in 1948, we still had to do odd jobs, including fence building for the refuge and working for my father for $125 a month for three years. The partnership was dissolved after three years and in 1953, my father gave us some property to begin our base ranch. Over time, and when we could afford to, we continued to purchase additional acres to enhance our ranch at the Double O and on Steens Mountain.
During the flooding of Harney and Malheur lakes in 1984, our home was flooded and we had to move to our current location and build a new home. This new home is at the same location where I attended grade school as a child. In 2013, we had to move my husband to a care facility in Eugene, and I currently live at home at the Double O.
President Alfred Dunten
Turen Alfred “Al” Dunten comes from a long line of pioneers. Al’s paternal great-grandmother, Martha (Williams) Dunten, migrated to Oregon with her family on the Oregon Trail in 1853. His maternal great-grandparents, Bill and Sally Ward, and most of Sally’s siblings and their families, moved to and settled near what is now known as Van, about 21 miles northwest of Drewsey in 1882, in what was then still Grant County. The Ward children were all born at Van from 1883 through 1897. Al’s maternal grandmother, Frankie (Ward) Miller was born in 1888, about six months before Harney County was formed.
Al was born April 17, 1934, at the home of Harry and Emma Muller Clark, about 10 miles west of Drewsey, on the banks of the Middle Fork of the Malheur River to Turen J. Dunten (better known in his community as T. J.) and Wilma Della Miller Dunten. He has a sister, Helen Jeanette Sargent, who is a nurse living in Baker City, and a brother, Ray, who has retired from NRCS and lives in Ontario. His youngest sister was lost in a car/truck accident the night of her high school graduation in 1966.
Alfred and his parents lived in the City Hotel owned and operated by his great-grandma Hamilton in Drewsey for the first year of his life.
In 1935, T.J. purchased the family ranch about six miles west Drewsey in Kimball Flat, where Al grew up and, except for a few adventures elsewhere, has called home for the past 79 years.
He went to school in one-room Kimball Flat School for his first through eighth grades. His first teacher was Miss Horn. Mrs. Farrier, his second grade teacher, was so impressed with Al’s musical ability, as she taught him violin, that she promoted him to third grade that year which made him a young graduate from Crane Union High School in 1951. This curly-haired towhead soon became “Curly” to his friends. The kids in the area rode horses, walked, or rode bikes to school and spent recesses playing baseball, on their knees grading roads on the sand hill nearby, and riding sleds and toboggans down the steep sleigh track in winter.
Al attended Crane Union High School from Sept. 1947 to May 18, 1951. He participated in football, basketball, and baseball throughout high school. When track was added to the program in his senior year, Al placed third in both the 440 and 880 at the state track meet.
One high school escapade he recalls was a “steer riding” at the Crane railroad stockyards when the boys used the steers left by Hills to be shipped on the train the next morning as bucking stock for a little night steer riding “rodeo”, hoping Hills would never find out.
After high school, Al helped his dad on the ranch, doing custom farming, building livestock reservoirs with a cat and dozer, planting grain and stacking hay among other things. He helped Harold Fine cut small fir poles to be used as hay-buck teeth to sell to big ranches in the south end of Harney County, which did not reap the riches they had anticipated, but was an adventure.
Soon, Al joined Red Dunbar in trying a hand at bareback bronc riding and moved on to saddle bronc riding around the Northwest for a few years winning some championship buckles along the way. He enrolled in college in pre-veterinary at the College of Idaho in Caldwell, Idaho, in 1956. When he ran out of money after fall term in 1957, he came home and rode colts for Dan Opie at Lawen for the winter until “Uncle Sam” drafted him in March of 1958. He spent two years in the Army in classified communications.
After training at Fort Ord, Calif., and Fort Gordon, Ga., he spent one year in Korea, returning home in March 1960. He became reacquainted with the bratty little neighbor girl who had often begged him for a ride home from school on the handlebars of his bike, and he and Carol Anne Miler were married on June 17, 1961, after her graduation from Boise Junior College. Their son, Turen Alfred Jr. (Tad), was born May 16, 1962, and their daughter, Cheryl Anne, was born July 18, 1963. After working for neighboring ranches for three years, Al and his family moved back to Kimball Flat to help Carol’s dad and build their own cattle business, which they still run today.
Efforts continue to document roads
by Samantha White
Discussion concerning the road inventory map continued during the regularly-scheduled meeting of the Harney County Court (held June 4).
During the May 7 meeting, Travis Williams provided an update concerning continued efforts to document existing roads within Harney County.
Williams explained that he’d been working with local agricultural producers to document roads that were historically and are currently being used for economic operation.
And Harney County Judge Steve Grasty said, “The purpose of this [map] is just to say, ‘This is a road system within Harney County that we know about today.’ And maybe we can protect it.”
During the June 4 meeting, Grasty expressed frustration concerning some of the letters to the editor that were published in the Burns Times-Herald concerning the road inventory map.
For example, in a letter published May 21, Barbara Cannady wrote that, “Applied to private property, this map creates a record that would remove the ability of the landowners to change [road] use, and would have to be challenged/defended in future legal fights.” She added, “The effect is a tool whereby the county can callously seize lands for public use without compensation, or removal from tax levy.”
And, in a letter published June 4, William Neilson asserted that, “All those ranch and farm tracks you use on, across, or to your properties, currently just noted as dotted lines on BLM [Bureau of Land Management] maps, might soon become ‘Public Rights of Way,’ even if there isn’t, and never has been any public right of way over them.”
“Letters to the editor said this is an effort for the county to take roads,” Grasty said during the meeting. He added, “That was never the intention.”
Grasty emphasized that the intent of the map is not to address road ownership, but simply to identify that the roads exist.
“There are folks who think this becomes part of the county road system,” Grasty said. “It absolutely does not.”
Harney County Roads Supervisor Eric Drushella agreed, stating, “We are not adding roads to the roads department.”
Grasty said the road identification process could assist efforts to prevent road closures. He added that, recently, the court has been in the middle of a “serious debate” with the BLM and Oregon Natural Desert Association (ONDA) in an effort to prevent road closures on Steens Mountain.
Grasty also stated that the map was completed at the request of Harney County citizens, adding that several local ranchers have encouraged him to continue with this effort.
Harney County Commissioner Dan Nichols suggested consulting with legal counsel to develop a new title for the map’s legend.
The court agreed that the legend should be carefully worded to address concerns that have been raised regarding personal property rights.
The court will schedule a hearing to further explain the purpose of the map, and Grasty said a copy of the map will be posted in the courthouse foyer.
The court also reviewed a request from Harney County Assessor Ted Tiller and District Attorney Tim Colahan concerning the cancellation of uncollectible personal property taxes in the amount of $1,348.19.
During the previous meeting (held May 21), Tiller explained that some of the uncollectible taxes are from mobile homes that were abandoned by their owners or the parties responsible for them.
And, in a letter written to the court, Tiller described the mobile homes as “unlivable.”
Uncollectible personal property taxes were also accrued by a commercial, portable coffee shop that was moved out of the county in 2011.
Harney County Commissioner Pete Runnels made a motion to sign a court order to cancel these uncollectible taxes. Nichols seconded the motion, and it carried unanimously.
The court also reviewed two applications for approaches from a county road.
Kenny Bentz applied for an approach two-and-a-half miles south of Buchanan on the west side of the Crane Buchanan Road.
Nichols moved to approve the approach. Runnels seconded the motion, and it carried unanimously.
The court also reviewed an application from DCR Hay Company LLC.
Drushella said the requested approach appears to be on an adjacent property, and he suggested that the court discuss the application with DCR Hay before approving it.
The court received an invitation to attend the Beatys Butte Working Group meeting and field trip June 5-6 in Lakeview.
According to the text of the invitation, the Beatys Butte Working Group was jointly sponsored by the Beatys Butte Grazing Association and ONDA to address various public land management issues on the 500,000-acre Beatys Butte Common Allotment (located between Hart Mountain and Sheldon National Wildlife Refuges).
“I think you need to be able to say more than, ‘It’s my opinion. I can’t speak for the court,” Grasty said to Runnels (who later attended the meeting on behalf of the court). “I think you [should] walk in and draw the line in the sand.”
Grasty suggested developing a position paper, expressing the court’s collective opinion concerning the issues that were to be discussed during the meeting.
The court reviewed a position paper that was drafted by Grasty and discussed talking points for the meeting.
In other business, the court:
• was addressed during the public comment period by Herb Vloedman who reported that the veterans’ recognition signs, which will be placed at the county line entries, are in the works.
Vloedman also posed a question concerning net job growth in relation to the economic development budget.
Grasty suggested that Vloedman bring that question up at the next Harney County Community Response Team meeting.
He said, “That’s a perfect place to ask that question;”
• was addressed by Susan Bush during the public comment period regarding water levels.
Bush expressed concern that water is becoming poisoned from being at lower levels.
Having no authority over wells, the court encouraged Bush to attend Harney County Watershed Council meetings, which are held the third Tuesday of every month at the Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center;
• briefly discussed Meadowlands roads;
• was addressed during the public comment period by Barbara Kull concerning property rights;
• approved an Out-of-District Service Delivery Agreement contract with Treasure Valley Community College for 2013-2014;
• briefly discussed sage grouse.
Grasty said Harney County’s pushback convinced the state to start looking at sage grouse management county-by-county.
He added that Paul Henson, state supervisor for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, agreed with this strategy;
• reviewed an updated list of county-owned properties.
The court will set a date for public auction of some of these parcels;
• reviewed a purchase order from the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality for rock hauled into the Frenchglen Landfill.
The court agreed to put the funds in the closure fund;
• reviewed the 2014-2015 Maintenance Assistance Program Allocation Certification Agreement with the State Marine Board.
The agreement provides for funding, which will be used to provide restrooms maintenance at several reservoirs in Harney County;
• agreed to write a letter of support for the Harney County Opportunity Team’s Arrowhead Plaza project;
• recessed at 11:44 a.m. and reconvened at 1:30 p.m. for a budget committee meeting.
There being no public comment on the proposed budget, budget committee member Terri Hellbusch moved to approve the 2014-2015 budget in the amount of $29,045,166.
Nichols seconded the motion, and it carried unanimously.
Runnels moved to levy the permanent tax rate of 4.5016.
Hellbusch seconded the motion, and it carried unanimously.
A hearing to adopt the 2014-2015 budget will be held June 18 at 1:30 p.m.
The next regularly-scheduled meeting of the county court will be held Wednesday, June 18, at 10 a.m. in Judge Grasty’s office at the courthouse.
Design meant to echo a woman’s womb
“Teaching this class has been such a big honor for me, and I think the reason why is knowing that cradleboard making is going to be passed down, and that’s really important to me,” Sara Barton said.
In an effort to help preserve and nurture the tradition, Barton has been teaching a cradleboard-making class at the Gathering Center (which is located on the Burns Paiute Reservation) since January.
Cradleboards are traditional, protective carriers that were used by various Native American tribes to transport children ranging in age from infancy to 2.
Styles of cradleboards varied from tribe-to-tribe, as did the traditions and customs concerning their use.
Traditional Northern Paiute cradleboards were made from small, willow sticks that were woven together with split willow strings and attached to a long, oval frame made of heavy willow. The board was then covered with buckskin or canvas that laced up in the front to hold the child in place.
Barton said cradleboards were designed to echo the “warmth and security” of a mother’s womb, and she compared them to modern-day swaddling blankets.
A shade, made of very fine willows woven together, was attached to the top of the cradleboard to keep light out of the baby’s eyes and protect him/her if the board tipped over. The shade was decorated with a pattern in yarn that identified the baby’s gender, and a blanket could be draped over the shade while the baby slept.
A tie, fastened to the side of the board, fit over the mother’s forehead or around her shoulders, allowing her to carry the baby on her back while she completed tasks or chores.
Barton explained that cradleboards basically allowed the baby to be with the mother all the time. And she stressed the importance of that closeness toward the baby’s happiness and wellbeing.
Three different sizes of cradleboards were used to carry children as they grew from infants to toddlers. And Barton said some children would try to crawl back into their cradleboards even after they outgrew them because the boards offered a sense of security.
Barton said families are still using cradleboards to carry children during powwows and gatherings. But most modern mothers carry the cradleboards in their arms, instead of on their backs.
“It’s amazing how many young mothers you see using the cradleboards,” Barton said.
A ‘dying art’
But, locally, knowledge of cradleboard construction was diminishing.
Barton learned the craft from Burns Paiute Tribal Elder Minerva Soucie. And, when Soucie passed away, Barton and 96-year-old Tribal Elder Rena Beers were among an increasingly-diminishing number of tribe members who mastered the cultural tradition.
Recognizing that the craft was on the verge of extinction, Tracy Kennedy, who coordinates youth prevention programs and juvenile services for the Burns Paiute Tribe, applied for a grant through the Harney County Cultural Coalition to nurture the “dying art.”
In the grant application, Kennedy wrote that, “Traditional Northern Paiute cradleboard techniques have been passed down through face-to-face interaction over many generations. Sadly, the practice is in danger of being lost, as only a handful of people currently maintain the knowledge to pass onto future generations. At most, the Burns Paiute Tribe has only four traditional cradleboard masters, one of which is willing to share her teachings to carry on this incredible artistry.”
Kennedy applied for the grant in November 2013 and received $1,100 in funding the following month.
Because she was eager to share the knowledge that she acquired from Soucie, Barton said she was “more than happy” when Kennedy asked her to teach a six-month cradleboard class.
About the class
The cradleboard class got under way in January 2014, when participants learned how to identify and gather the proper willows.
The willows were selected from various locations, including the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. And they had to be picked during the winter because that’s when it’s easiest to remove the bark.
In February, students focused on cleaning and scraping the willows, which were later used for the cradleboards’ backing and shade.
Weaving began in March, as participants began constructing cradleboard frames. And canvas material was fitted around the frames in April.
Barton explained that the class used canvas instead of buckskin because it’s less expensive and an easier material to learn with.
The class began attaching willow shades to the covered frames in May. And, by the time the class concluded on June 2, many students finished their cradleboards by adding fringes and beadwork to the sides and back.
Although the formal class concluded, Barton said she plans to continue coaching participants who have yet to complete their projects.
“Some have finished, and some haven’t. And that’s OK,” Barton said. “I want to see this continue and not discourage anybody by setting a time limit on it.”
Barton explained that cradleboard making is “a process,” adding that, “There’s a lot to remember.”
However, she said, “It’s all enjoyable for me.”
Barton emphasized the importance of maintaining a positive attitude during all phases of the project. In fact, she said she won’t even gather materials if she’s angry or upset.
“I don’t want to put that into my work,” she explained.
Preserving the tradition
Kennedy said that, although not everyone will complete a cradleboard, as many as 70 different tribe members have been involved in some phase of the cradleboard-making process.
And, in some cases, multiple generations took the class together.
For example, Shelley Richards crafted a cradleboard with her grandson, Truston Snapp.
Regarding Snapp, Barton said, “My heart soars when I see what he has accomplished.”
Barton said it’s difficult to describe how much teaching the class has meant to her.
“It brought a sense of happiness,” she said. “People were talking and smiling. It’s so healing for me to see what the cradleboard class brought out. It was very special.”
She added, “One thing that I found that was so interesting about doing this class was that I was hearing stories from different students about how their moms or their grandmothers can remember family members making cradleboards. The stories were just coming down, and it was fascinating.”